To qualify for a mortgage, you will need to provide a wide variety of information, including documents related to your income.
However, the income you can use for qualification goes beyond the typical weekly paycheck. Lenders will also consider financial accounts, retirement funds, trust funds, and other sources of regular income. If you are involved in a business partnership or S-corporation, the lender can also consider information listed on your K-1 document, which is a tax form used to confirm amounts that are passed from a business organization to an individual.
This money is known as “distribution income,” and while the path to using this funding for qualification may seem complex, using the funds is actually simple and can increase the amount you could borrow. In the end, this could mean a larger, higher-quality home for you and your family.
What is Distribution Income?
To fully understand this topic, we need to take a closer look at the concept of distribution income. This is essentially an owner’s withdrawal from a business, and it’s based on the profit the business generates. Business owners can leave the funding in the business accounts, or they can withdraw it for personal use, such as paying for a mortgage or general living expenses. Regardless of the business structure, this distribution to owners may or may not appear in the profit and loss statement.
Using Distribution Income and the K-1 Form for Mortgage Qualification
In 2015, Fannie Mae reexamined the process of mortgage qualification for potential borrowers who receive a K1 income. For many years, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac required lenders to confirm that the income used in qualification from the Schedule K Form was supported by the cash distributions of a business. Before the changes, many lenders were simply not aware of the process behind distribution of income, or they would simply ignore it and use K1 income with little to no further thought.
Fortunately, this topic is better understood by lenders, creating new opportunities for borrowers. However, there remains some confusion on the process when it comes to meeting the guidelines of using K-1 lines 1, 2, and 3, as well as the Cash Flow Analysis section.
To help you better understand the process, let’s look at a few examples of how the income reporting can be utilized by the borrower, allowing them to get you qualified for a larger loan…
Fannie Mae B3-3-2.1-08
This section of the guidelines deals with income or loss that is reported on the IRS form 1065 and 1120S K-1. It essentially states that if the K-1 shows a stable, sustained history of cash distributions, then no further documentation will be required.
Borrowers can utilize this guideline through the help of their lender. The lender will need to follow the steps and pay attention to the various options that Fannie Mae allows to use the income properly. First, the lender will need to confirm the business has stable earnings and then they will need to complete a cash-flow analysis. They will complete the 1084 form and determine that the income you are attempting to use does come from the K-1. They will then compare this to the amount of distributions that you receive.
You and the lender will now see one of three situations…
Situation 1: When Distributions are More Than the Total Qualifying Income
The first option is to use a 1065 of 1120S Business Form. With this option, you will add up lines 1, 2, and 3, as well as the Cash Flow Adjustments to reach your total qualifying income. You can then use this sum to qualify and nothing further is needed.
Situation 2: Distributions are Less Than the Total Qualifying Income
If the distributions are less than the total qualifying income, the distributions total can be used instead of the qualifying income amount. This does not necessarily mean you are using the distributions to qualify, it simply means that the business cannot support the business income to qualify, but it can support the smaller amount.
Important Note: For both options, it’s essential that you remember that distributions are only being used in the support of the qualifying income. Essentially, you are using whichever number is smaller to qualify.
Situation 3: No Distributions
If you have a K-1 income but your K-1 shows no distributions or the distribution level is too low to qualify, the lender can use your business’s liquidity. In this situation, the lender will essentially determine if the business has the funds but chooses not to pay out distributions. If this is the case, the lender will use the same lines in the K-1 form. However, if the business does not have the funds to pay distribution, the lender will be unable to use the lines.
The lender will use the Schedule L for both 1065 and 1120S forms. Fannie Mae provides a formula in their guidelines that will test the business’s capital.
Distribution Income Becoming an Important Part of the Real Estate Industry
Before 2016, Freddie Mac did not have any written guidelines regarding checking into a business’s distributions of income. Essentially, the only time you need any added review is when the lender needs to used income outside of what is stated on Form 91.
However, there have been guidelines updates in 2017. These guidelines use the same rules and terms as Fannie Mae. This is a long section of guidelines, but the information will lineup with the guidelines provided by Fannie Mae.
This topic was neglected by institutions and lenders for years, but it is now an important part of the real estate and lending industries. If you are self-employed, you must understand the details of this system so you can make the appropriate choices for your next mortgage loan.
Providing Expert Guidance for Your Mortgage Qualification
If you want help understanding the use of distribution income, contact the helpful team at San Diego Purchase Loans.
We’ll show you the details of using these income factors for mortgage qualification, allowing you to purchase the top-quality home you deserve!
“Juliann – Thank you very much for your patience and help with everything. I can say 150% that we could not have gotten through this without you. I have been through this process before a few times BUT never have received this type of care/attention. This process is intense and you managed to humanize this life changing experience for us – rather than being a loan number. If you or Home Point ever need an official recommendation from us, you can count us in.”
Chad was very personable. His staff was very suportive.
I had the pleasure of working with Chads team. Everything went as planned. I was very pleased. I still want to take them to dinner. I am completely enjoying my new home”
“We signed all our papers yesterday afternoon. I wanted to thank each one of you for all your hard work and tenacity in making this happen for Michelle and I. This is by far the easiest closing we have been through. All thanks to you all. You all the best at what you do. No other group works like this together. Again, thank you all, from Michelle and I, we will be forever grateful. Absolutely the best team I have ever dealt with. From beginning to end, the customer service provided was beyond reproach. Everyone gave us their personal attention and that made it so easy.”
Chad and his team were Awesome to work with! I was referred to Chad by a good friend of mine. I was very impressed with the professionalism and quick response times from Chad Baker & his team during the entire process. I screened over 3 lenders before selecting the Chad Baker Team and I’m confident I made the right choice. It’s obvious that customer service is their #1 priority and it shows. I highly recommend Chad if you have lending needs. ”
Chad and his team are fantastic!
Chad and his team assisted me with the financing of my condo. Every member of Chad’s team was extremely professional, highly competent, super responsive, and friendly. They realize that financing a home can be a stressful experience and they do their best to alleviate that stress by keeping you in the loop on everything. They were great about giving me frequent updates on the status of my application. In addition, they happily answered my questions. At one point, when I felt like I was pestering Chad with questions, his response was a friendly, “keep them coming!” And he meant it!!! Likewise, Maria and Karina were just a pleasure to work with as well! This team is like a fine-tuned machine. Thank you so much for all of your help!!!
Excellent service!. Recently purchased a property in Northern San Diego County. Chad and his team were recommended to me to check out. The rate he acquired was a full point & a half better than the Broker I have been using for years. His team was exceptional and did great follow through. Definitely 5 star service!”
“Chad and his team are exactly who you want handling the financing of your home. Whether it be a new purchase or refinance, he and his team are one of the most professional, responsive group of people I’ve worked with. Buying a home can be very stressful and Chad and his team took all of the necessary steps to make the process as painless and as quick as possible. They are extremely knowledgeable, organized and have great follow through. You won’t ever be left wondering what the next steps are. I highly recommend him and will use him in all of our real estate transactions moving forward.”
I recommend chad because he is not pushy or trying to manipulate as others in the same business, the process was smooth with no obstacles, best team. ”
Incredible Turnaround and Stellar Customer Service. Chad and his team helped us get into our first home here in San Diego. When we first started the process we were skeptical it would even be worth applying. But Chad and his team walked us through the whole lending process with integrity and know how that surpassed our expectations. After helping us to pull together our pre-qualification, he and his team stayed at the ready. Before we even walked up to a home we were seriously interested in he had the data we needed over to us and our realtor. After finding the home we wanted to place a bid on, we were able to place a bid with a matter of a few hours. Then, after having our offer accepted, he had our loan package completed and the keys in our hands in under a month — I am pretty sure it was less than. Like I said, incredibly fast and professional turnaround. if you are looking for a motivated lender who can walk you though every detail and have your back every step of the way, Chad and his team at HomePoint Financial is your best decision. Recommend them highly!”
“Hey Chad – thank you so much to you in particular as well as your team. It’s been a real pleasure working with someone who’s as responsive and helpful throughout the process, as you’ve been. We really appreciate what you’ve done. ”
“Chad and his group made the mortgage approval process smooth and understandable. Multiple updates and explanations during the process kept me informed of progress. Chad also provided great advice on other home services, in particular an insurance company that saved me thousands of dollars a year on home and auto insurance.”
“Chad and his team got me funded in less than 30 days, completing a deal that another broker fumbled around with for almost 90 days. Effective, efficient and excellent communication skills. Outstanding professionalism.”
“Chad – Your team has been nothing short of amazing. Juliann has aggressively followed-up with escrow and gone out of her way to make sure things get done on schedule. Matt and I can’t express to you enough how much we’ve appreciated all of your counsel at the beginning of the process and her execution to see it through to close. As always, appreciate everything that you guys have done to see this through.”
An ‘A’ Team!
We just closed on our second transaction with the Chad Baker team. They are very well organized and I can attest that they are looking out for their clients’ best needs. A special shout-out for Juliann B. who was our guide through the painful loan process. We found Juliann to be very responsive, kind, patient, and diligent in getting both our refis closed well.”
“Chad, it was a pleasure working with you. Your loan was smooth, speedy, and we were kept well informed. I will make sure to prioritize offers where you are the loan officer as I know they run smoothly.”
“Hey Chad, Just wanted to send a quick note to Thank You for all your work and effort to get this escrow closed. It was a pleasure to work with someone as professional as yourself. If I have a client that ever needs a lender you will definitely be someone that I would recommend.”
“I must say I was extremely impressed with the professionalism and quick response from Chad Baker & his entire team. I screened over 5 lenders before selecting the Baker Team & boy am I happy customer. It’s evident that customer service is a priority for these folks.”
Everything about our transaction with this lender was perfectly explained to us, easy to do, and they were able to help us get our loan closed ahead of schedule. It was a perfect 10 and we couldn’t have been happier with the whole thing
“This is the second time that I have worked with Chad (home purchase & refinance). He has become my subject matter expert and someone I depend on for all finance needs related to our home and real estate investments. My favorite things about Chad are his depth of knowledge, responsiveness, honesty and the great service he provides. I have referred countless friends and family of mine to work with him for no other reason than I know that he will treat them well and equip them for the best possible outcome. Chad will add tremendous value to any real estate transaction that you have and I am grateful to have him as a resource.”
When looking for a house, we had couple recommendations for a lender. After talking with all the lenders, many were difficult to work with and couldn’t get it done as quickly as we needed. I was referred to Chad Baker’s team and I am glad we did. Not only did they get the things done quickly for us, they were very easily to get ahold of. It wasn’t rare to get a response within 15 minutes whenever an email was sent. I could not express how friendly and outgoing this team is. And on top of that, they came back with the best offer for us amongst all the other brokers. I am glad I worked with these guys. If you are looking for a lender…MAKE SURE TO CALL CHAD BAKER AND TEAM!!! Thanks Chad for all your hard work. Next time we buy another house I am calling you first!
Thank you Chad and Team
Chad and his team have been a pleasure to work with. I’m a 3rd time home owner. Wish I had known Chad and team a lot sooner. He made my 3rd home purchase very easy. There were a lot of moving pieces and they handled with professionalism and care. Juliann was a pleasure to work with too. The whole team made it possible for us to move into our dream home. Thanks you Chad and Team!
Thank you, Chad. You have been amazingly responsive to all my questions, and you have a great staff assisting you. Thanks so much for all your help!
A very responsible and experienced professional with his highly effective team
I really enjoyed working with Chad Baker and the rest of the team. This was our first time buying a home in California and we started with unnecessary assumptions based on our previous experience as home-owners in a different state. Chad and his team were available throughout the whole process, explaining the state differences, answering all our phone calls and emails quickly and directly, and providing detailed weekly status reports so that all parties including agents knew exactly where we were in the process. Chad was very experienced and provided customized loan products for us to consider, which definitely facilitated our transaction. I recommend the Chad Baker team! ”
highly recommend Chad and his team. They were always available for any questions, concerns etc. we had. The process to close the loan went super fast. Chad and his team always went above and beyond. The customer service was the best! I will definitely recommend to all Thank you again for everything!
“Chad and his entire team were over the top amazing, professional, and attentive throughout the entire home loan/buying process. I could not have asked for a better team to have on my side through what could be one of the most challenging and stressful processes one experiences. From the first conversation I had with Chad, I felt comfortable with him. He helped guide us through the process without ever once making us feel uneasy, unimportant, or uninformed. I never felt silly or stupid for asking the same questions over and over until I fully understood what we were getting into, or until something made total sense to me. The home loan world is fast paced, overwhelming, and confusing, and Chad and his team held our hands and helped us to feel comfortable and confident about our choices. He and his team were always there for us day or evenings, weekdays, or weekend and never made you feel like you were a bother if you had a burning question you had to get answered at 8pm Saturday night. I will use them again and again, and suggest them to any friend, family, or acquaintance. Seriously, they are rock stars. They work hard for you to get you into your dream home, we could not be happier with their hard work, dedication, and kindness.”
Great Job Chad Baker Team & Homepoint!
I was very impressed with the professionalism and quick response times from Chad Baker & his team during the entire process. I would highly recommend Home Point for mortgage needs. Great Job! ”
“I wanted to reach out and tell you both Thank You for working so hard on my loan. I really appreciate how much effort you both put in to make it happen! Top notch, one of the best I have ever seen in the business.”
Chad Baker and his team are amazing!
My husband and I found Chad through an article he had written. Every aspect of working with Chad and his team was exceptional. From our initial phone call where he explained the many options we had, to advice he gave in dealing with somewhat challenging sellers, and closing our loan ahead of schedule, the loan process with Chad and his team went very smoothly. I especially appreciated the one-on one guidance from Juliann, who really made me feel like I was her only client. I look forward to working with Chad and his team again and would highly recommend them to anyone looking for a mortgage.
“Chad and his team were fantastic. They were incredibly responsive to us and our needs. Chad laid out several refinance options for us, and was very supportive when we decided on the option we felt was best for our family. Chad and his team worked our deal and got our mortgage funded incredibly fast, with excellent service and even took the time to thank us personally once we funded. I can’t recommend Chad enough!”
I was referred to Chad by my Realtor for a purchase of a new house. The experience with Chad and the team (I mainly worked with Juliann) was nothing short of outstanding. From start to finish there were always quick to respond and when needed, notify me of any new documentation that was required. There were very helpful explaining to me the pros and cons of different financing options as well as some other loan related issues, such as termite clearance outside the purchase contact and septic tank certification process. Overall, very knowledgeable and processional team. Loan preapproval was done in a single day and loan documents were ready for signing in 21 days, which was 9 days ahead of schedule. That never happened to me before.
I highly recommend Chad Baker. He does a phenomenal job and won’t trauma you or your clients. He has a whole team that works on the loans. And all the team members are great. He has a person that can translate for your clients that are Chinese. He is as good of a loan officer as you are an agent, and that is what you want when referring clients to a lender.
“Chad Baker is THE BEST, most professional, understanding, HONEST person I’ve ever worked in the mortgage industry. He knows exactly what he’s talking about, will never promise something he can’t deliver, and will bend over backwards to get you what you need. I had a very unique problem qualifying and every other mortgage company I worked with assured me from the beginning that they could get me financed, and then it would all fall apart once we hit underwriting. Chad understood my circumstance from the beginning and patiently explained every step of the way. I can’t thank you enough Chad! Juliann has been great keeping me updated and making sure that everything comes together in a timely fashion. She also appreciates my sense of humor, which gives personality to a boring funding process. Thanks Juliann! I HIGHLY recommend Home Point and if I ever buy another home, will absolutely use them again.”
My wife and I purchased a home in Escondido, first home together. Chad and his team made the whole process extremely easy and helped us close quickly. Will recommend to all friends and family!”
I was amazed how quickly Chad was able to knocked out our refinance!. I highly recommend Chad he & his team did an incredible job! I had 3 others I was working with, including a Credit Union. Chad was able to offer me a lower rate with no fees! Based on the other 3 top financial bids I had for this refinance. ”
“Hi Juliann and Chad, I wanted to take a moment and thank you guys for what would have been impossible for us to do without you. We wouldn’t have our keys in hand if it had not been for your help in navigating the financing, and Juliann’s perseverance in getting the rest of the players in the transaction to deliver. Out of everything, our interaction with your office has been a highlight – and your customer service has been beyond everything we’ve experienced in the real estate industry. Is there a way we can provide any reviews, ratings, testimonials, or other statements that can express to your potential future customers how much you guys do to make the customer’s life easy? Please let us know how we can share our great experience with you to the rest of the public. Whether we refinance this under a VA, or get in a bigger/better house in a few years, we’re not going to go anywhere else for financing. We are customers of yours as long as you are in business. Thanks again for getting us in a house!”
I HIGHLY recommend Chad and his team.
Chad and The Chad Baker team really helped me from start to finish with my loan process. They were extremely responsive and provided me updates on a daily basis. I had a few personal issues that they helped me work through so I could get the best loan program and best rate. Very knowledgeable about the industry, rates and trends.I HIGHLY recommend Chad and his team. I’m happy to offer a reference upon request. Please ask Chad for my contact information.”
“We’re loving our new place and we’re very pleased with how smoothly everything went through closing. Thanks for keeping us up to date on the possibility of refinancing at a lower rate; we trust your judgement as far as waiting until the rate is around 5% lower before we refinance. We’re very interested in pursuing that if rates drop to that level. Thanks so much for all your help and personal attention!”
“Thank you for all the hard work (even on weekends!) you and your team have devoted to seeing this through in a very efficient manner. It’s been an easy process for me and, you and your team have been a delight to work with.”
Excellent customer service – highly recommended!. I was referred to Chad by one of my friend. During our initial meeting, Chad walked me through the lending process and provided multiple ideas to start the home search. He got me pre-approved in couple of days. After looking for months, we finally liked a house but it was over our budget. He came up with an intelligent financing strategy and provided an excellent rate that let us purchase our new house. Chad and his team are patient, professional and always available – literally 7 days a week, 24×7. I can’t remember the last company I worked with that returned calls and emails in such a timely manner! I will happily recommend him to others.”
I was amazed how quickly Chad was able to knocked out our refinance!
I highly recommend Chad he & his team did an incredible job! I had 3 others I was working with, including a Credit Union. Chad was able to offer me a lower rate with no fees! Based on the other 3 top financial bids I had for this refinance. ”