While you can obtain a home mortgage loan without one, the credit score remains one of the most important factors for most buyers in the United States. In order to get an affordable loan, most buyers will need a good credit score. The higher your score goes, the more you can borrow and the less you’ll pay in interest.
There are many outside factors that go into a mortgage loan, but the credit score is one of the items that borrowers can control. You can’t change standard interest rates, you can’t control housing prices, and you can’t control market inventory. You can, however, control your credit.
Many people, unfortunately, have scores that are harmed by negative credit information. Bankruptcies, tax liens, and lawsuit judgements from years past can come back to haunt your financial future.
How long will negative credit information stay on a report? It all depends on the type, but some, if not addressed, can stay on the report indefinitely.
Negative Information on Credit Reports: How Long Does it Last?
If negative information is outright false, there is no wait; you can have it removed immediately. However, removing the information takes time, as you’ll have to file a dispute with any of the bureaus where the false data appears. This can be done over the phone, through mail, or online, and there will likely be a wait of at least 30 days. During this time, the agency will investigate the information, and if they can’t proove that the information is true, it will need to be removed.
The same principle applies to duplicate information and data that is outdated; contact the agency to have it removed immediately.
If you owe the IRS for unpaid taxes, they can create what’s known as a “lien,” which is essentially a legal statement saying they have a right to your property until the tax obligation is fulfilled. This can be a significant burden on your credit score, and unlike a judgement for a private party, a tax lien will stay on your credit report indefinitely if it’s not paid.
Once the tax lien is paid, however, it can be removed in seven years. If you have set up a payment schedule, you may be able to start the clock on removing the tax-lien information from your report.
Credit Card Debt
Credit cards are often considered one of the best ways to boost your credit score. Use them wisely, don’t over-purchase, and pay them off each month, and you’ll steadily increase your credit score. However, if credit card debt is mismanaged and goes unpaid, it can cause significant problems for your financial stability and score.
As long as the credit card has a balance, it will be reported to the credit agencies. This information, either negative or positive, will stay on the report until the credit account has been inactive for seven years. Fortunately, if you have handled credit wisely and responsibly, the positive information can stay on your report for ten years.
Collections work slightly differently than other aspects we have already discussed. Collections, as opposed to judgements, liens, and credit-card debt, will remain for seven years, but will have a different impact on your overall credit report and score depending on the amount of time that the collecting company has been reporting the information.
If the collection was reported two years ago or less, it must be paid for the credit score to improve. However, if the collection was reported over two years ago, it will still have a negative impact on your credit score, even when paid and finalized.
Say you are in a car accident with another driver who sues you and wins a judgement for damages. In order to qualify for a mortgage, you will likely need to settle any judgements against you. Once the judgement is filed, it will remain on your report for seven years, regardless of whether it is settled. The negative impact of the judgement, however, will actually decrease over time.
Even if a judgement is paid, it will still remain on your credit report for seven years. However, the credit report will be updated to show that you have settled the issue. A judgement that has been satisfied is still a negative mark on your credit, but it is far more favorable than an unpaid financial judgement on your report.
If you find yourself in financial trouble, with a long list of debts and the inability to pay them, you may need to resort to bankruptcy, which can have a significant effect on your credit score.
How long the bankruptcy remains on your credit report will depend on the type of bankruptcy. Bankruptcies are reported for ten years from the filing date, not the date of discharge. However, Chapter 13 bankruptcies, where you agree to pay some or all of the debt, can be removed in seven years. Chapter 7, however, which wipes out almost all unsecured, non-priority debt, will remain for ten years.
What Information is Not on Your Credit Report?
There is a lot of data and information that goes into a credit report, but not every last bit of information will be included. Criminal records, for example, are not an indication of financial stability and are not included on credit reports.
Income, which you might assume is included, is not. This is because credit score deals with how well you can handle debt, not how much you earn. For obvious reasons, lenders will want verification of your income, but this information is separate from your credit score. (It should be noted, there are plenty of high-income earners who are not great with debt.)
Increase You Chances of Approval with San Diego Purchase Loans
If you want more information on how you can improve your chances of getting a world-class mortgage loan, contact San Diego Purchase Loans today.
With a dedication to service and a common-sense approach to lending approval, we can help you get a loan that fits your needs, budget, and future goals.